Encyclical: Libertas Praestantissimum-On Human Liberty [Pope Leo XIII] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Liberty—one of the world’s most. Encyclical on Human Liberty, one of the world’s most misunderstood concepts is put into its true Catholic perspective. Season 4, Popes Against the Modern Errors, Episode 4: Libertas Praestantissimum. by Member Supported Restoration Radio · May 20,
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In this they are plainly inconsistent. Moreover, besides this, a doctrine of such character is most hurtful both to individuals and to the State. Lastly, we must not forget that a vast field lies freely open to man’s industry and genius, containing all those things which have no necessary connection with Christian faith and morals, or as to which the Praaestantissimum, exercising no authority, leaves the judgment of the learned free and unconstrained.
Yet, with the discernment of a true mother, the Church weighs the great burden of human weakness, and well knows the course down which the minds and actions of men are in this our age being borne. But man is by nature rational.
Considered as to its nature, it is the faculty of choosing means fitted for the end proposed, for he is master of his actions who can choose one thing out of many.
In the government of States it is not forbidden to imitate the Ruler of the world; and, as the authority of man is powerless to prevent every evil, it has as St.
From all this may be understood the nature and character of that liberty which the followers of liberalism so eagerly advocate and proclaim. And the Church approves of every one devoting his services to the common good, and doing all that he can for the defense, preservation, and prosperity of his country.
But this teaching is understood in two ways. To refuse any bond of union between man and civil society, on the one hand, and God the Creator and consequently the supreme Law-giver, on the other, is plainly repugnant to the nature, not only of man, but of all created things; for, of necessity, all effects must in some proper way be connected with their cause; and it belongs to the perfection of every nature to contain itself within that sphere and grade which the order of prsestantissimum has assigned to it, namely, that the lower should be subject and obedient to the higher.
Yet he is free also to turn aside to all other things; and, in pursuing the empty semblance of good, to disturb rightful order and to fall headlong into the destruction which he has voluntarily chosen.
Libertas Praestantissimum Archives – Jon Haines
Such an opinion is sound, if it is to be understood of some equitable adjustment consistent with truth and justice; in so far, namely, that the Church, in the hope of some great good, may show herself indulgent, and may conform to the times in so far as her sacred office permits.
The Redeemer of mankind, Jesus Christ, having restored and praestwntissimum the original dignity of nature, vouchsafed special assistance to the will of man; and by the gifts of His grace here, and the promise of heavenly bliss hereafter, He raised it to a nobler state.
Against such as these, all the arguments by which We disprove the principle of separation of Church and State are conclusive; with this super-added, that it is absurd the citizen should respect the Church, while the State may hold her in contempt.
To this rule of action and restraint of evil Praestantissimim has vouchsafed to give special and most suitable aids for strengthening and ordering the human will. For if – as they must admit, and no one can rightly deny – the will of the Divine Law-giver is to be obeyed, because every man is under the power of God, and tends toward Him as his end, it follows that no one can assign limits to His legislative authority without failing in the obedience which is due.
Yet there are many who imagine that the Church is hostile to human liberty.
Libertas (June 20, ) | LEO XIII
Liberty, then, as We have said, belongs only to those who have the gift of reason or intelligence. For, law is the guide of man’s actions; it turns him toward good by its rewards, and deters him from evil by its punishments.
But, for the increase of such benefits, nothing more suitable can be conceived than the laws which have God for their author; and, therefore, they who in their government of the State take no account of these laws abuse political power by causing it to deviate from its proper end and from what nature itself prescribes. This is the kind of liberty the Apostles claimed for themselves with intrepid constancy, which the apologists of Christianity praestantissi,um by their writings, and which the martyrs in vast numbers consecrated by their blood.
There are, indeed, some adherents of liberalism who do not subscribe to these opinions, which we have seen to be fearful in their enormity, openly opposed to the truth, and the cause of most terrible evils.
For, since God is the source of all goodness and justice, it is absolutely ridiculous that the State should pay no attention to these laws or render them abortive by contrary enact menu. There can be no doubt that truth alone should imbue the minds of men, for in it are found the well-being, the end, and the perfection of every intelligent nature; and therefore nothing but truth should be taught both to the ignorant and to the educated, so as to bring knowledge to those who have it not, and praestajtissimum preserve it in those who possess it.
Besides, those who are in authority owe it to the commonwealth not only to provide for its external well-being and the conveniences of life, but still more to consult the welfare of men’s souls in the wisdom of their legislation.
One thing, however, remains always true – that the liberty which is claimed for all to do all things is praestantssimum, as We have often said, of itself desirable, inasmuch as it is contrary to reason libeetas error and truth should have equal rights.
Summa theologiaeIIa-IIae, q. Reason sees that whatever things that are held to be good upon earth may exist or may not, and discerning that none of them are of necessity for us, it leaves the will free to choose what it pleases. If unbridled license of speech and of writing be granted to all, nothing will remain sacred and inviolate; even the highest and truest mandates of natures, justly held to be the common and noblest heritage of the human race, will not be spared.
Not that the divine assistance hinders in any way the free movement of our will; just the contrary, for grace works inwardly in man and in harmony with his natural inclinations, since it flows from the very Praestanitssimum of his mind and will, by whom all things are moved in conformity with their nature.
And, first, let us examine that liberty in individuals which is so opposed to the virtue of religion, namely, the liberty of worshipas it is called.
Of this we have almost daily evidence in the conflict with socialists and members of other seditious societies, who labor unceasingly to bring about revolution. The empire of God over man and civil society once repudiated, it follows that religion, as a public institution, can have no claim to exist, and that everything that belongs to religion will be treated with complete indifference. First of all, there must be law ; that is, a fixed rule of teaching what is to be done and what is to be left undone.
Wherefore, this liberty, also, in order that it may deserve the prraestantissimum, must be kept within certain limits, lest the office of teaching be turned with impunity into an instrument of corruption. The excesses of an unbridled intellect, which unfailingly end in the oppression of the untutored multitude, are no less rightly controlled by the authority of the law than are the injuries inflicted by violence upon the weak. Man, indeed, is free to obey his reason, to seek moral good, and to strive unswervingly after his last end.
Libertas Praestantissimum Archives – Jon Haines
Indeed, very many amongst them, compelled by the force of truth, do not hesitate to admit that such liberty is vicious, nay, is simple license, whenever intemperate in its claims, to the neglect of truth and justice; and therefore they would have liberty ruled and directed by right reason, and consequently subject to the natural law and to the divine eternal law.
But it is not so in regard to practices and doctrines which a perversion of morals and a warped judgment have unlawfully introduced. And now to reduce for clearness’ sake to its principal heads all that has been set forth with its immediate conclusions, the summing up in this briefly: Whereas, when he sins, he acts in opposition to reason, is moved by another, and is the victim of foreign misapprehensions.
But, in spite of all this show of tolerance, it very often happens that, while they profess themselves ready to lavish liberty on all in the greatest profusion, they are utterly intolerant toward the Catholic Church, by refusing to allow her the liberty of being herself free. It is sufficient to recall the fact that slavery, that old reproach of the heathen nations, was mainly abolished by the beneficent efforts of the Church. This subject is often discussed by the Angelic Doctor in his demonstration that the possibility of sinning is not freedom, but slavery.
The first and most excellent of these is the power of His divine gracewhereby the mind can be enlightened and the will wholesomely invigorated and moved to the constant pursuit of moral good, so that the use of our inborn liberty becomes at once less difficult and less dangerous.
For public authority exists for the welfare of those whom it governs; and, although its proximate end is to lead men to the prosperity found in this life, yet, in so doing, it ought not to diminish, but rather to increase, man’s capability of attaining to the supreme good in which his everlasting happiness consists: In other words, the good wished by the will is necessarily good in so far as it is known by the intellect; and this the more, because in all voluntary acts choice is subsequent to a judgment upon the truth of the good presented, declaring to which good preference should be given.
Wherefore, when a liberty such as We have described is offered to man, the praestantissimumm is given him to pervert or abandon with impunity the most sacred of duties, and to exchange the unchangeable good for evil; which, as We have said, is no liberty, but its degradation, and the abject submission of the soul to sin.